Copr. © West 2000 No Claim to Orig. U.S. Govt. Works
653 N.Y.S.2d 924
1997 N.Y. Slip Op. 01501
(Cite as: 236 A.D.2d 276, 653 N.Y.S.2d 924)
Supreme Court, Appellate Division, First
Department, New York.
SOHO GENERATION OF NEW YORK, INC.,
TRI-CITY INSURANCE BROKERS, INC., et
Feb. 20, 1997.
Appeals were taken from orders of the Supreme Court, New York County, Gammerman, J., which granted defendant's motion to disqualify plaintiff's trial counsel and denied plaintiff's motion to quash subpoena duces tecum. The Supreme Court, Appellate Division, held that: (1) conclusory allegations on eve of trial that testimony of plaintiff's trial counsel would be "necessary" and "relevant" provided insufficient basis for disqualification of counsel, and (2) subpoena duces tecum was overbroad.
Affirmed in part and reversed in part.
 Attorney and Client k22
Conclusory allegations made by defendants on eve of trial that testimony of plaintiff's trial counsel would be "necessary" and "relevant," without more, provided insufficient basis for disqualification of counsel.
 Witnesses k219(3)
Action of president of plaintiff corporation in merely mentioning during deposition that he had withdrawn corporation's claim upon advice of counsel did not waive any attorney-client privilege by placing subject matter of counsel's advice in issue or by making selective disclosure of such advice.
 Witnesses k222
It is burden of proponent of attorney-client privilege to establish each of its elements.
 Pretrial Procedure k130
Use of phrase "any and all" in subpoena duces tecum was not overbroad where in each instance that it was used phrase modified limited number of specific items.
 Pretrial Procedure k130
Subpoena duces tecum in which defendant sought to compel plaintiff to produce items was overbroad, even though many of items sought were undoubtedly relevant; necessity of pursuing nonparties was not shown, and it was not role of either plaintiff or court to cull good from the bad. **925 Joshua L. Mallin, for plaintiff-appellant-respondent.
Daniel J. Friedman, B. Jennifer Jaffee, for defendant-respondent- appellant.
Before MURPHY, P.J., and TOM, MAZZARELLI and ANDRIAS, JJ.
*276 Order, Supreme Court, New York County (Ira Gammerman, J.), entered April 15, 1996, which, inter alia, granted defendants' motion to disqualify plaintiff's attorneys to the extent of disqualifying Dennis J. D'Antonio, Esq., as trial counsel, unanimously modified, on the law, and defendants' motion to disqualify plaintiff's attorneys is denied in all respects, and otherwise affirmed, without costs. Order of the same court and Justice, entered April 15, 1996, which denied plaintiff's motion to quash subpoena duces tecum served upon its by defendant Tri-City Insurance*277 Brokers, Inc. and served upon it non-party accountant by defendant Keep, Inc., unanimously reversed, on the law, without costs, and plaintiff's motion granted. Order of the same court and Justice, entered the same date, which denied plaintiff's cross-motion for summary judgment dismissing the sixth, seventh and eighth affirmative defenses of Tri-City and the first affirmative defense of defendant Keep, unanimously affirmed, without costs.
 Defendants' conclusory allegations, made on the eve of trial, that the testimony of plaintiff's trial counsel would be "necessary" and "relevant", without more, were an insufficient basis for the IAS court's disqualification of Mr. D'Antonio. By merely mentioning at his deposition that he had withdrawn plaintiff's claim upon the advice of counsel, plaintiff's president Mr. Mosery did not waive any attorney-client privilege by placing the subject matter of counsel's advice in issue or by making selective disclosure of such advice (cf., Orco Bank, N.V. v. Proteinas Del Pacifico, S.A., 179 A.D.2d 390, 577 N.Y.S.2d 841). Notably, although it is the burden of the proponent of the privilege to establish each of its elements, anything Mr. D'Antonio told Mr. Mosery regarding withdrawal of the claim would undoubtedly involve communication of legal advice and not merely the non-privileged underlying facts (see, Spectrum Systems Int'l Corp. v. Chemical Bank, 78 N.Y.2d 371, 377, 575 N.Y.S.2d 809, 581 N.E.2d 1055).
 With regard to plaintiff's motion to quash defendants' subpoenas, although the use of "any and all" was not overbroad in this context, because in each instance the phrase modified a limited number of specific items (cf., Grotallio v. Soft Drink Leasing Corp., 97 A.D.2d 383, 468 N.Y.S.2d 4), the subpoenas were improperly used as a substitute for pretrial discovery (see, Matter of Terry D., 81 N.Y.2d 1042, 1044, 601 N.Y.S.2d 452, 619 N.E.2d 389; Mestel & Co. v. Smythe Masterson & **926 Judd, 215 A.D.2d 329, 627 N.Y.S.2d 37). The claimed need to compel plaintiff to search for items that Mr. Mosery had asserted at his examination before trial to have been lost does not justify requiring their production, and the necessity for pursuing non- parties is not shown. While many of the items sought are undoubtedly relevant, it is neither plaintiff's nor this court's role to "cull the good from the bad" (Grotallio v. Soft Drink Leasing Corp., supra [citation omitted] ). We have considered the parties' other contentions for affirmative relief on these cross-appeals and find them unpersuasive.